Democracy: Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by people.
Features of Democracy:
1.The final decision making power rests with those who are elected by people.
2.A democracy must be based on a free and fair election. The ruling party must have a fair chance of losing that election.
3.In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote should have equal value.
4.A democratic government rules within the limits which are set by constitutional laws and citizens’ rights.
Arguments against Democracy:
1.Change in leadership may lead to instability.
2.Democracy involves political competition and power play. This leaves no scope for morality.
3.The decision making is often delayed because a large number of people need to be consulted.
4.Elected leaders may not aware about the best decisions for people. More often, bad decisions are made in a democracy.
5.Involvement of electoral competition in a democracy gives rise to corruption.
6.Ordinary people may not understand the meaning of collective good and hence they should not be made a part of the decision making process.
Arguments for Democracy:
1.Democratic government is more accountable to people and hence is a better form of government; compared to other forms of government.
2.Since a large number of people are consulted in the decision making process, so democracy enhances the quality of decision making.
3.Democracy provides a method to deal with conflicts and differences. In a diverse country; like India; there can be very sharp social differences and conflicts. Such differences can be resolved through democracy in a better and amicable way.
4.Democracy provides the fundamental rights to its citizens and thus enhances the dignity of the people.
5.Democracy allows to correct its own mistakes and hence is a better form of governance.