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Exercise 12.1

Question 1:
The radii of two circles are 19 cm and 9 cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle which has circumference equal to the sum of the circumferences of the two circles.


Radius (r1) of 1st circle = 19 cm
Radius (r2) or 2nd circle = 9 cm
Let the radius of 3rd circle be r.
Circumference of 1st circle = 2πr1 = 2π (19) = 38π
Circumference of 2nd circle = 2πr2 = 2π (9) = 18π
Circumference of 3rd circle = 2πr
Given that,
Circumference of 3rd circle = Circumference of 1st circle + Circumference of 2nd circle
r = 38π + 18π = 56π



Therefore, the radius of the circle which has circumference equal to the sum of the circumference of the given two circles is 28 cm.


Question 2:
The radii of two circles are 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle having area equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles.


Radius (r1) of 1st circle = 8 cm
Radius (r2) of 2nd circle = 6 cm
Let the radius of 3rd circle be r.
Area of 1st circle


Area of 2nd circle


Given that,
Area of 3rd circle = Area of 1st circle + Area of 2nd circle



However, the radius cannot be negative. Therefore, the radius of the circle having area equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles is 10 cm.

Question 3:
Given figure depicts an archery target marked with its five scoring areas from the centre outwards as Gold, Red, Blue, Black and White. The diameter of the region representing Gold score is 21 cm and each of the other bands is 10.5 cm wide. Find the area of each of the five scoring regions. 






Radius (r1) of gold region (i.e., 1st circle)


Given that each circle is 10.5 cm wider than the previous circle.
Therefore, radius (r2) of 2nd circle = 10.5 + 10.5
21 cm
Radius (r3) of 3rd circle = 21 + 10.5
= 31.5 cm
Radius (r4) of 4th circle = 31.5 + 10.5
= 42 cm
Radius (r5) of 5th circle = 42 + 10.5
= 52.5 cm
Area of gold region = Area of 1st circle


Area of red region = Area of 2nd circle − Area of 1st circle



Area of blue region = Area of 3rd circle − Area of 2nd circle



Area of black region = Area of 4th circle − Area of 3rd circle



Area of white region = Area of 5th circle − Area of 4th circle





Therefore, areas of gold, red, blue, black, and white regions are 346.5 cm2, 1039.5 cm2, 1732.5 cm2, 2425.5 cm2, and 3118.5 cm2 respectively.

Question 4:
The wheels of a car are of diameter 80 cm each. How many complete revolutions does each wheel make in 10 minutes when the car is traveling at a speed of 66 km per hour? 


Diameter of the wheel of the car = 80 cm
Radius (r) of the wheel of the car = 40 cm
Circumference of wheel = 2πr
= 2π (40) = 80π cm
Speed of car = 66 km/hour



Distance travelled by the car in 10 minutes
= 110000 × 10 = 1100000 cm
Let the number of revolutions of the wheel of the car be n.
× Distance travelled in 1 revolution (i.e., circumference)
= Distance travelled in 10 minutes



Therefore, each wheel of the car will make 4375 revolutions.

Question 5:
Tick the correct answer in the following and justify your choice: If the perimeter and the area of a circle are numerically equal, then the radius of the circle is 
(A) 2 units (B) π units (C) 4 units (D)7 units
Let the radius of the circle be r.
Circumference of circle = 2πr
Area of circle = πr2
Given that, the circumference of the circle and the area of the circle are equal.
This implies 2πr = πr2
2 = r
Therefore, the radius of the circle is 2 units.
Hence, the correct answer is A

Exercise 12.2

Question 1:
Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6 cm if angle of the sector is 60°. 

Let OACB be a sector of the circle making 60° angle at centre O of the circle.
Area of sector of angle θ =


Area of sector OACB = 




Therefore, the area of the sector of the circle making 60° at the centre of the circle is




Question 2:
Find the area of a quadrant of a circle whose circumference is 22 cm.  





Let the radius of the circle be r.
Circumference = 22 cm
r = 22



Quadrant of circle will subtend 90° angle at the centre of the circle.
Area of such quadrant of the circle






Question 3:
The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes. 





We know that in 1 hour (i.e., 60 minutes), the minute hand rotates 360°.
In 5 minutes, minute hand will rotate =


Therefore, the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes will be the area of a sector of 30° in a circle of 14 cm radius.
Area of sector of angle θ =


Area of sector of 30°




Therefore, the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes is


Question 4:
A chord of a circle of radius 10 cm subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the area of the corresponding:
(i) Minor segment
(ii) Major sector
[Use π = 3.14]



Let AB be the chord of the circle subtending 90° angle at centre O of the circle.
Area of major sector OADB =



Area of minor sector OACB =




Area of ΔOAB =


= 50 cm2
Area of minor segment ACB = Area of minor sector OACB −
Area of ΔOAB = 78.5 − 50 = 28.5 cm2



Question 5:
In a circle of radius 21 cm, an arc subtends an angle of 60° at the centre. Find:
(i) The length of the arc
(ii) Area of the sector formed by the arc
(iii) Area of the segment forced by the corresponding chord


Radius (r) of circle = 21 cm
Angle subtended by the given arc = 60°
Length of an arc of a sector of angle θ =




Length of arc ACB =



= 22 cm
Area of sector OACB =




In ΔOAB,
∠OAB = ∠OBA (As OA = OB)
∠OAB + ∠AOB + ∠OBA = 180°
2∠OAB + 60° = 180°
∠OAB = 60°
Therefore, ΔOAB is an equilateral triangle.
Area of ΔOAB =




Area of segment ACB = Area of sector OACB − Area of ΔOAB



Question 6:
A chord of a circle of radius 15 cm subtends an angle of 60° at the centre. Find the areas of the corresponding minor and major segments of the circle.
[Use π = 3.14 and
]



Radius (r) of circle = 15 cm
Area of sector OPRQ =



In ΔOPQ,
∠OPQ = ∠OQP (As OP = OQ)
∠OPQ + ∠OQP + ∠POQ = 180°
2 ∠OPQ = 120°
∠OPQ = 60°
ΔOPQ is an equilateral triangle.
Area of ΔOPQ =



Area of segment PRQ = Area of sector OPRQ − Area of ΔOPQ
= 117.75 − 97.3125
= 20.4375 cm2
Area of major segment PSQ = Area of circle − Area of segment PRQ



    Question 7:
    A chord of a circle of radius 12 cm subtends an angle of 120° at the centre. Find the area of the corresponding segment of the circle.
    [Use π = 3.14 and]







    Let us draw a perpendicular OV on chord ST. It will bisect the chord ST.
    SV = VT
    In ΔOVS,



    Area of ΔOST =




    Area of sector OSUT =




    Area of segment SUT = Area of sector OSUT − Area of ΔOST
    = 150.72 − 62.28
    = 88.44 cm2



    Question 8:
    A horse is tied to a peg at one corner of a square shaped grass field of side 15 m by means of a 5 m long rope (see the given figure). Find
    (i) The area of that part of the field in which the horse can graze.
    (ii) The increase in the grazing area of the rope were 10 m long instead of 5 m.
    [Use π = 3.14]





    From the figure, it can be observed that the horse can graze a sector of 90° in a circle of 5 m radius.
    Area that can be grazed by horse = Area of sector OACB



    Area that can be grazed by the horse when length of rope is 10 m long



    Increase in grazing area = (78.5 − 19.625) m2
    = 58.875 m2

    Question 9:
    A brooch is made with silver wire in the form of a circle with diameter 35 mm. The wire is also used in making 5 diameters which divide the circle into 10 equal sectors as shown in figure. Find.
    (i) The total length of the silver wire required.
    (ii) The area of each sector of the brooch





    Total length of wire required will be the length of 5 diameters and the circumference of the brooch.
    Radius of circle =

    Circumference of brooch = 2πr



    = 110 mm
    Length of wire required = 110 + 5 × 35
    = 110 + 175 = 285 mm
    It can be observed from the figure that each of 10 sectors of the circle is subtending 36° at the centre of the circle.



    Therefore, area of each sector =





    Question 10:
    An umbrella has 8 ribs which are equally spaced (see figure). Assuming umbrella to be a flat circle of radius 45 cm, find the area between the two consecutive ribs of the umbrella. 




    There are 8 ribs in an umbrella. The area between two consecutive ribs is subtending

     at the centre of the assumed flat circle.



    Area between two consecutive ribs of circle =






    Question 11:
    A car has two wipers which do not overlap. Each wiper has blade of length 25 cm sweeping through an angle of 115°. Find the total area cleaned at each sweep of the blades. 



    It can be observed from the figure that each blade of wiper will sweep an area of a sector of 115° in a circle of 25 cm radius.
    Area of such sector =





    Area swept by 2 blades =




    Question 12:
    To warn ships for underwater rocks, a lighthouse spreads a red coloured light over a sector of angle 80° to a distance of 16.5 km. Find the area of the sea over which the ships warned. [Use π = 3.14]



    It can be observed from the figure that the lighthouse spreads light across a
    sector of 80° in a circle of 16.5 km radius.
    Area of sector OACB =





    Question 13:
    A round table cover has six equal designs as shown in figure. If the radius of the cover is 28 cm, find the cost of making the designs at the rate of Rs.0.35 per cm2. [Use]



    It can be observed that these designs are segments of the circle.
    Consider segment APB. Chord AB is a side of the hexagon. Each chord will substitute

     at the centre of the circle.
    In ΔOAB,
    ∠OAB = ∠OBA (As OA = OB)
    ∠AOB = 60°
    ∠OAB + ∠OBA + ∠AOB = 180°
    2∠OAB = 180° − 60° = 120°
    ∠OAB = 60°
    Therefore, ΔOAB is an equilateral triangle.
    Area of ΔOAB =




    = 333.2 cm2
    Area of sector OAPB =





    Area of segment APB = Area of sector OAPB − Area of ΔOAB





    Cost of making 1 cm2 designs = Rs 0.35
    Cost of making 464.76 cm2 designs =

     = Rs 162.68
    Therefore, the cost of making such designs is Rs 162.68.

    Question 14:
    Tick the correct answer in the following:
    Area of a sector of angle p (in degrees) of a circle with radius R is
    (A)

    , (B)
    , (C)

     , (D) 


    We know that area of sector of angle θ =

    Area of sector of angle P =



    Hence, (D) is the correct answer.


    Exercise 12.3

    Question 1:
    Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure, if PQ = 24 cm, PR = 7 cm and O is the centre of the circle. 



    It can be observed that RQ is the diameter of the circle. Therefore, ∠RPQ will be 90º.
    By applying Pythagoras theorem in ΔPQR,
    RP2 + PQ2 = RQ2
    (7)2 + (24)2 = RQ2



    Radius of circle, 

    Since RQ is the diameter of the circle, it divides the circle in two equal parts.


    Area of PQR=





    Area pf shaded region=Area of semi circleRPQOR- Area of  PQR



    Question 2:
    Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure, if radii of the two concentric circles with centre O are 7 cm and 14 cm respectively and ∠AOC = 40°. 





    Radius of inner circle = 7 cm
    Radius of outer circle = 14 cm
    Area of shaded region = Area of sector OAFC − Area of sector OBED



    Question 3:
    Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure, if ABCD is a square of side 14 cm and APD and BPC are semicircles. 




    It can be observed from the figure that the radius of each semi-circle is 7 cm.

    Area of each semi-circle = 




    Area of square ABCD = (Side)2 = (14)2 = 196 cm2
    Area of the shaded region
    = Area of square ABCD − Area of semi-circle APD − Area of semi-circle BPC
    = 196 − 77 − 77 = 196 − 154 = 42 cm2

    Question 4:
    Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure, where a circular arc of radius 6 cm has been drawn with vertex O of an equilateral triangle OAB of side 12 cm as centre. 




    We know that each interior angle of an equilateral triangle is of measure 60°.


    Area of sector OCDE




    Area of


    Area of circle = πr2


    Area of shaded region = Area of ΔOAB + Area of circle − Area of sector OCDE



    Question 5:
    From each corner of a square of side 4 cm a quadrant of a circle of radius 1 cm is cut and also a circle of diameter 2 cm is cut as shown in the given figure. Find the area of the remaining portion of the square.









    Each quadrant is a sector of 90° in a circle of 1 cm radius.
    Area of each quadrant 



    Area of square = (Side)2 = (4)2 = 16 cm2
    Area of circle = πr2 = π (1)2



    Area of the shaded region = Area of square − Area of circle − 4 × Area of quadrant



    Question 6:
    In a circular table cover of radius 32 cm, a design is formed leaving an equilateral triangle ABC in the middle as shown in the given figure. Find the area of the design (Shaded region). 





    Radius (r) of circle = 32 cm
    AD is the median of
    ABC.


    AD = 48 cm
    In ΔABD,
    AB2 = AD2 + BD2



    Area of equilateral triangle,




    Area of circle = πr2



    Area of design = Area of circle − Area of ΔABC





    Question 7:
    In the given figure, ABCD is a square of side 14 cm. With centres A, B, C and D, four circles are drawn such that each circle touches externally two of the remaining three circles. Find the area of the shaded region. 







    Area of each of the 4 sectors is equal to each other and is a sector of 90° in a circle of 7 cm radius.
    Area of each sector 




    Area of square ABCD = (Side)2 = (14)2 = 196 cm2
    Area of shaded portion = Area of square ABCD − 4 × Area of each sector



    Therefore, the area of shaded portion is 42 cm2.

    Question 8:
    Thegivenfigure depicts a racing track whose left and right ends are semicircular.



    The distance between the two inner parallel line segments is 60 m and they are each 106 m long. If the track is 10 m wide, find:
    (i) The distance around the track along its inner edge
    (ii) The area of the track 





    Distance around the track along its inner edge = AB + arc BEC + CD + arc DFA



    Area of the track = (Area of GHIJ − Area of ABCD) + (Area of semi-circle HKI − Area of semi-circle BEC) + (Area of semi-circle GLJ − Area of semi-circle AFD)



    Therefore, the area of the track is 4320 m2.

    Question 9:
    In the given figure, AB and CD are two diameters of a circle (with centre O) perpendicular to each other and OD is the diameter of the smaller circle. If OA = 7 cm, find the area of the shaded region. 







    Radius (r1) of larger circle = 7 cm
    Radius (r2) of smaller circle 

    Area of smaller circle



    Area of semi-circle AECFB of larger circle 



    Area of 



    Area of the shaded region
    = Area of smaller circle + Area of semi-circle AECFB − Area of ΔABC



    Question 10:
    The area of an equilateral triangle ABC is 17320.5 cm2. With each vertex of the triangle as centre, a circle is drawn with radius equal to half the length of the side of the triangle (See the given figure). Find the area of shaded region. [Use π = 3.14 and]



    Let the side of the equilateral triangle be a.
    Area of equilateral triangle = 17320.5 cm2




    Each sector is of measure 60°.
    Area of sector ADEF 




    Area of shaded region = Area of equilateral triangle − 3 × Area of each sector



    Question 11:
    On a square handkerchief, nine circular designs each of radius 7 cm are made (see the given figure). Find the area of the remaining portion of the handkerchief. 







    From the figure, it can be observed that the side of the square is 42 cm.
    Area of square = (Side)2 = (42)2 = 1764 cm2
    Area of each circle = πr2


    Area of 9 circles = 9 × 154 = 1386 cm2
    Area of the remaining portion of the handkerchief = 1764 − 1386 = 378 cm2

    Question 12:
    In the given figure, OACB is a quadrant of circle with centre O and radius 3.5 cm. If OD = 2 cm, find the area of the
    (i) Quadrant OACB
    (ii) Shaded region





    (i) Since OACB is a quadrant, it will subtend 90° angle at O.
    Area of quadrant OACB




    (ii) Area of ΔOBD 



    Area of the shaded region = Area of quadrant OACB − Area of ΔOBD


    Question 13:
    In the given figure, a square OABC is inscribed in a quadrant OPBQ. If OA = 20 cm, find the area of the shaded region. [Use π = 3.14]





    In ΔOAB,
    OB2 = OA2 + AB2
    = (20)2 + (20)2



    Radius (r) of circle 

    Area of quadrant OPBQ 



    Area of OABC = (Side)2 = (20)2 = 400 cm2
    Area of shaded region = Area of quadrant OPBQ − Area of OABC
    = (628 − 400) cm2
    = 228 cm2

    Question 14:
    AB and CD are respectively arcs of two concentric circles of radii 21 cm and 7 cm and centre O (see the given figure). If ∠AOB = 30°, find the area of the shaded region. 







    Area of the shaded region = Area of sector OAEB − Area of sector OCFD



    Question 15:
    In the given figure, ABC is a quadrant of a circle of radius 14 cm and a semicircle is drawn with BC as diameter. Find the area of the shaded region. 






    As ABC is a quadrant of the circle, ∠BAC will be of measure 90º.
    In ΔABC,
    BC2 = AC2 + AB2
    = (14)2 + (14)2


    Radius (r1) of semi-circle drawn on 

    Area of 



    Area of sector










    = 154 − (154 − 98)
    = 98 cm2

    Question 16:
    Calculate the area of the designed region in the given figure common between the two quadrants of circles of radius 8 cm each. 







    The designed area is the common region between two sectors BAEC and DAFC.
    Area of sector 





    Area of ΔBAC 




    Area of the designed portion = 2 × (Area of segment AEC)
    = 2 × (Area of sector BAEC − Area of ΔBAC)

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